sauce

Big Mac Special Sauce   In a word to describe the essence of our research to uncover more about the Big Mac special sauce, we would have to choose ignorance; for it was at every attempt to inquire on inside information regarding the special sauce were we met with an...

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lettuce

The McDonald’s Big Mac Lettuce, Pickles and Onions and Their Food Networks McDonald’s Big Mac, the triumphant food item sold to nearly all places on Earth, is indeed an icon of the globalized company. Seemingly homogeneous, the production lines of Big Mac in different...

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pasteurized processes American cheese

Big Mac: Cheese    Introduction McDonald’s is the world’s largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurant. Every successful corporation has their own logo or icon. Big Mac is one of McDonald’s signature products. It is sold worldwide and people even use it as an index...

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bread bun

 Bread Bun of Big Mac 1. Introduction The Big Mac Index shows that the food prices of McDonald’s in Hong Kong are almost the cheapest among all McDonald’s restaurants around the globe. There are a lot of factors that could explain why Big Macs in Hong Kong are sold at...

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beef patty

The Network of a McDonald's Big Mac Beef Patty The beef patty is the core and heart of the Big Mac, and its taste is essential to Big Mac's fame. To ensure that each beef patty has a similar standard, McDonald's adopts a rigorous process of mechanization to ensure...

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kiwi and pineapple

Behind a Bite What do you say before you have a meal? “Bon appetite”, “qǐng màn yòng” or “Sihk Faahn”? Across different nations and religions, other than praying, people tend to say something similar - “enjoy your meal”, instead of a “thank you”. Although we have been...

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papaya and mango

In this project, we are looking into the food network of mango and papaya. Mango is a species originated from India. The farming of Mango starts more than 4000 years ago in India. At around 400-500 B.C. Mango is introduced into the Malaysian Peninsula. Then in the...

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lychee and banana

Fruit is one of the nutritious foods we must take in everyday. In such cosmopolitan cities like Hong Kong, points of fruit purchase are ubiquitous. The form of consumption points varies in different places. It is quite easy and convenient for us to find fruit stalls...

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dragon fruit and pineapple

The fruits that we are looking at are dragon fruits and pineapples. In this essay, we will trace back from selling points to distribution hubs to production countries.   Selling points Starting our research we look at the selling points of the two fruits. The two...

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apples and strawberries

Introduction Being a self-insufficient city long from the past till now, Hong Kong imports most of its food from overseas. Particularly concerned with apples and strawberries imported, it is found that around 50% of the strawberries are imported from the USA whereas...

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broccoli and cauliflower

  Production Broccoli and cauliflower grown in cool weather that grow poorly in summer. The optimum condition for growth is temperature around 40°F for broccoli and 65-70°F for cauliflower(Delahaut and Newenhouse, 1997). Farmers usually cut the head about an inch from...

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Chinese melons/gourds

Introduction In the Chinese community, gourd is commonly found on dining tables during summer time. Among the multiple types of Chinese gourds available in Hong Kong, this essay will focus on tracking the supply chain of bitter gourds and winter melons. According to...

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green beans

Imported Green Beans in Hong Kong Green bean is one of the categories of vegetables. Two of its variety, namely French Bean and Long Bean in various forms are highly accessible to citizens in Hong Kong. We could get cooked green beans in restaurants, fresh beans in...

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potatoes and sweet potatoes

  Life of Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes The potato family is often found in every meal of your life three sixty-five. Potatoes and sweet potatoes are healthy from the skin to the mash. They have high nutritional values - a high portion of various vitamins and mineral,...

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carrots and cucumbers

Life of Carrots and Cucumbers Carrots and cucumbers are both healthy vegetables which have high nutritional values. Carrots have a crisp texture. They are rich in vitamin A and minerals, which benefit our digestive system and help improve eye vision. Cucumbers have a...

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tomato and eggplant

The Life-cycle of Tomatoes and Eggplants Production: The planting time is important for agriculture. Tomato is not resistant to frost, as well as high or low temperature, and the requirement for growth is at an average daily temperature of at least 15oC. Generally we...

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Crabs and lobsters

CRABS AND LOBSTERS IN OUR LIFE INTRODUCTION Crabs and lobsters consist of 7 % in international seafood trade in 2000 (James, 2003). Since crabs and lobsters require special environment to cultivate them, it is only found in specific regions. For instance, crabs are...

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mollusks (oysters, mussels, clams, etc)

Mollusks in Hong Kong – From None to Edible Hong Kong a glamorous, international city as many might regard as, for instance, lack the ability to provide herself food; one of the basics for human beings. Therefore, Hong Kong relies heavily on overseas supply. Mollusks,...

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salt-water fish (wild and farmed)

Exploring saltwater fish in Hong Kong Salt-water fish are fish that spend some of all of their lives in salt water such as oceans or salt lakes. There are a variety of saltwater fish that are eatable. The common ones are Golden Threadfin Bream and Croaker. In this...

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fresh-water fish (wild and farmed)

Food in Hong Kong: Freshwater fish Freshwater fish is regarded as one of the most popular food in East Asia, including Hong Kong. 180 tons of freshwater fish are consumed in Hong Kong per day. (AFCD, 2013) With such a large demand in freshwater fish, we would like to...

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Choy Sum

Choy Sum Choy sum (also known as Chinese flowering cabbage) refer to a flowering vegetable which produces thick, crunchy stalks, yellow flowers, and lush green leaves. Being one of the most popular vegetables in china and Hong Kong, it is used in a variety of Chinese...

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Soy Beans

Soy Beans 1. Introduction Soybeans have been cultivated in China since 1100 BC, making them one of the earliest domesticated crops. Today, as a part of a multi-billion industry, soybeans are used in the production of numerous food items both for human and animals...

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Duck

Duck Roasted duck Ducks have been very popular in their form of meat, eggs and feathers all over the world. The demand of duck products is still increasing, so the production of it has rapidly increased in order to fulfill the demand. So in our project, we will...

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Chicken

Chicken There is more than Chicken than meets the eye 1. Introduction Hong Kong is one of the places where chicken accounts for a major part of people’s diets. Whilst being one of the more important dishes in Chinese culture, especially during festivities, chicken is...

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Oil

Fried food is crispy and appealing. To prepare fried food, cooking oil is needed to cook the food as a media with a temperature reaches at least 160°C. With the principle of tracing the origin of cooking oil for deep frying, studies is kicked off. The studies can be...

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Century eggs

Century egg, or pidan, is a traditional Chinese cuisine ingredient made by preserved duck eggs. It is made with a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quicklime and rice hulls for several weeks to several months. The century egg has over five centuries of history which can be...

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Salt

Throughout the thousands of years of human’s history, salt has been playing an irreplaceable role especially in terms of food preservation. Even nowadays, we still hugely depend on salt in cooking, processing food and preserving food. Hong Kong used to produce salt in...

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Rice

Rice is deeply embedded in Chinese food culture. It is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. Hong Kong yearly consumption of rice was 322,800 tonnes which rice-imports act as the main source of rice...

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butter

Butter still plays an important role in our daily life. It is an essential ingredient in baking cakes or cookies while people also use butter as cooking oil to prepare different cruises as well as a sauce for flavoring. "Bo lo yau", which is pineapple bun with butter,...

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sugar

Sugar is the basic ingredient for cooking. It can be easily obtained in supermarket and local stores. While white sugar is the common form, brown sugar is also widely used in many different dishes and beverages. So, what’s the story behind the ‘white gold’? How does...

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sweetened condensed milk

Often used in local cuisine and speciality, sweetened condensed milk is seen as one of the distinct features marking the uniqueness of Hong Kong dishes. It can be more than a food source, symbolizing an important part of local food culture and manifesting collective...

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black tea

Black tea is the main ingredient of Hong Kong style milk tea while it is known that Hong Kong-style milk tea is largely comprised of Ceylon tea and Pu Lei. Black tea leaves are a mixture of broken oxidized leaves. In dry form, they appear to be black in colour, but...

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thick white toast

Thick white toast is the main ingredient of the Hong Kong style French toast. It is also the food almost people all over the world consumes every day, mostly for breakfast. It can be easy found in supermarket or local bakeries. Simple as it seems to be, thick white...

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bok choy

Bok choy is a common vegetable consumed by every Chinese household. It is one of the commercial variants of Chinensis with choy sum and baby bok choy. Cultivated in China since ancient times, bok choy can be found in soups and stir-fries, appetizers and main dishes....

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garlic and ginger

Ginger and garlic are native to Asia and used in a huge variety of Chinese dishes. They are deemed as the basic seasoning with their pungent flavor. The two ingredients are also used for both culinary and medical purpose. In beef noodle soup, garlic and ginger are...

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green onions and onions

Onions and green onions are widely used for dishes in Hong Kong. It is almost essential to put onions or green onions when cooking to give the dish a flavor. But how do they come to our plates? Usually, green onions and onions will go through three main stages, namely...

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egg or rice noodles

Undoubtedly, noodle is one of the essential ingredients for beef noodle soup. Unlike other ingredients which can be obtained naturally, noodle can only be obtained after some manufacturing processes on the raw materials such as flour and eggs. Therefore, In the...

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beef

Beef is an essential ingredient in many different dishes. It is the third most widely consumed meat in the world, accounting for around 25% of meat production worldwide, after pork and poultry. Having limited land supply, beef in Hong Kong are all imported from other...

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sesame oil

Sesame oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame seeds while it is often used as cooking oil in Asian cuisine. While sesame oil can be mostly obtained from supermarket, the trend of consumer-to-consumer retail has taken part in consumption and distribution....

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rice wine

Rice wine is made from fermentation of rice starch while having water, wheat, yeast ball and glutinous rice as main ingredient. It is always used to remove fishy smell and for dishes like drunken chicken, drunken shrimp, to name but a few. In fact, there are many...

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wrapper (wheat flour)

Undoubtedly, siu mai cannot be made without siu mai wrapper. The prices of these siu mai wrappers range from 10 to 20 HKD, depending on the point of purchase. Wrapper resemble the tradition of Chinese food culture. There are two main factories in China. One is in...

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shrimp

Shrimp is Hong Kong people’s all-time-favorite. In the past, they are luxurious. They are very difficult to catch, so there is no guarantee of the quality and the amount of supply every day. With the advancement in technology, people nowadays can enjoy shrimps all...

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pork

Pork not only is the core ingredient of siu mai, but also many different other dishes and soups. One of the typical example is sweet and sour pork, which gains high popularity in the West. It is the most consumed meat worldwide, so when it comes to the discussion...

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